Which conditions associated with abdominal hernias should be assessed in the history and physical exam?

Updated: Jul 23, 2019
  • Author: Assar A Rather, MBBS, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, DSc, MSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

History and physical examination remain the best means of diagnosing hernias. The review of systems should carefully seek out associated conditions, such as the following:

  • Ascites
  • Constipation
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Cough
  • Groin abscess
  • Hematoma
  • Lipoma
  • Lymphadenitis
  • Obstructive uropathy
  • Pseudoaneurysm
  • Spermatocele
  • Tumor
  • Undescended or retracted testes
  • Varicocele

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