What is the correlation between maternal smoking and abdominal hernias?

Updated: Jul 23, 2019
  • Author: Assar A Rather, MBBS, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, DSc, MSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Maternal smoking is associated with an increased prevalence of omphalocele and gastroschisis. An increased incidence of abdominal wall defects is related to surface water atrazine and nitrate levels. [17]


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