When is plasmapheresis used?

Updated: Mar 08, 2021
  • Author: Elliot Stieglitz, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Plasmapheresis is currently used as a therapeutic modality in a wide array of conditions. [2, 8] Generally, it is used when a substance in the plasma, such as immunoglobulin, is acutely toxic and can be efficiently removed. Myriad conditions that fall into this category (including neurologic, hematologic, metabolic, dermatologic, rheumatologic, and renal diseases, as well as intoxications) can be treated with plasmapheresis.

The Apheresis Applications Committee of the American Society for Apheresis periodically evaluates potential indications for apheresis and categorizes them from I to IV in the basis of the available medical literature. [2]


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