When is colon resection (colectomy) indicated?

Updated: Apr 05, 2021
  • Author: David E Stein, MD, MHCM; Chief Editor: Vikram Kate, FRCS, MS, MBBS, PhD, FACS, FACG, FRCS(Edin), FRCS(Glasg), FIMSA, MAMS, MASCRS, FFST(Ed)  more...
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Colectomies are performed to treat and prevent diseases and conditions that affect the colon.

The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) has issued practice parameters that discuss the use of colectomy in colon cancer, [1] rectal cancer, [2] ulcerative colitis, [3]  Crohn disease, [4] left-side colonic diverticulitis, [5]  Lynch syndrome, [6] and inherited polyposis syndromes. [7]

Some of the most common indications for colon resection are discussed below.

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