What is the basis for sequencing of treatment modalities for lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding (LGIB)?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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The sequence of using these modalities depends on the patient's clinical status, the rate of bleeding, and local expertise in specific surgical and nonsurgical procedures. Using any one modality should not preclude the subsequent use of another modality if required. In case of surgery, preoperative localization of bleeding is essential, because segmental colectomies performed after bleeding is localized are associated with the lowest morbidity and mortality.

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