What is the prognosis of lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Lower gastrointestinal bleeding ranges from relatively trivial hematochezia to massive hemorrhage with shock, and it accounts for up to 24% of all cases of GI bleeding. This condition is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (10%-20%). Patients of advanced age and patients with comorbid conditions are at the greatest risk. [4] Identification of the bleeding site is the most important initial step in treatment; once the bleeding point is localized, the treatment options are generally straightforward and curative.


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