Which infectious agents may cause lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding (LGIB)?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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The most common infectious causes of colitis worldwide are Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter jejuni, E coli 0157:H7, and Entamoeba histolytica. In the United States, Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter are the most common causative pathogens; such microbial agents cause an inflammatory diarrhea characterized by fever, bloody diarrhea, lower quadrant cramps, and tenesmus.

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