What are the common causes of lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding (LGIB) in children?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

The common causes of LGIB in infants, children, and adolescents differ from those found in adults. Meckel diverticulum, intussusception, polyposis syndromes, and IBD are the common causes in this population (see Table 2 below).

Table 2. Common Causes of Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Children and Adolescents (Open Table in a new window)

Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Children and Adolescents

Intussusception

Polyps and polyposis syndromes

  • Juvenile polyps and polyposis

  • Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)

Inflammatory

  • Crohn disease

  • Ulcerative colitis

  • Indeterminate colitis

Meckel diverticulum


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