What role does angiodysplasia play in the pathophysiology of lower GI bleeding (LGIB)?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Burt Cagir, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Colonic angiodysplasias are arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) located in the cecum and ascending colon; these are acquired lesions that affect elderly persons older than 60 years. Most colonic angiodysplasias are degenerative lesions that arise from chronic, intermittent, low-grade colonic contraction that obstructs the mucosal venous drainage. Over time, mucosal capillaries dilate, become incompetent, and form an AVM.


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