What is bipolar electrocoagulation for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB)?

Updated: Sep 01, 2021
  • Author: Bennie Ray Upchurch, III, MD, FACP, AGAF, FACG, FASGE; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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The bipolar probe consists of alternating bands of electrodes producing an electrical field that heats the mucosa and the vessel. The electrodes are coated with gold to reduce adhesiveness. The probes are stiff in order to allow adequate pressure to be applied to the vessel to appose the walls and thus produce coaptive coagulation when the electrical-field energy is transmitted. Careful technique is required to heat-seal the perforated vessel.

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