What are possible complications of tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) repair and how are they managed?

Updated: Nov 07, 2018
  • Author: Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Vinay Kumar Kapoor, MBBS, MS, FRCS, FAMS  more...
  • Print

The most common complications of surgery are pneumonia and atelectasis leading to respiratory failure in postoperative period. A leak at the anastomotic site and pneumothorax are other complications. Most patients who develop an anastomotic leak also develop strictures, which may be dilated later. [14] Rarely, a recurrent TEF may develop. The management of recurrent TEFs usually requires repeat surgical repair. Some patients develop periodic apneic spells that are likely secondary to gastroesophageal reflux and associated laryngospasm.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!