What is the prevalence of tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) in the US?

Updated: Nov 07, 2018
  • Author: Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Vinay Kumar Kapoor, MBBS, MS, FRCS, FAMS  more...
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Tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEFs) are a common congenital anomaly with an incidence of 1 case in 2000-4000 live births. Acquired TEFs are quite rare, and incidence rates have not been well documented.

Acquired nonmalignant TEFs occur in approximately 0.5% of patients undergoing tracheostomy. [5] The incidence of malignant TEFs was reported at 4.5% for primary malignant esophageal tumors, and 0.3% for primary malignant lung tumors. [6] Other investigators have reported the incidence of TEFs secondary to esophageal carcinoma to be 4.3-8.1%.

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