When was the first successful repair of tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF)?

Updated: Nov 07, 2018
  • Author: Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Vinay Kumar Kapoor, MBBS, MS, FRCS, FAMS  more...
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The credit for the very first description of TEFs goes to Thomas Gibson, who, in 1697, reported a case of an infant with esophageal atresia and a TEF. In 1839, Thomas Hill recounted the symptoms of another infant with a TEF and an associated imperforate anus. In 1888, Charles Steels, a London surgeon, became the first surgeon to operate on esophageal atresia. In the 19th century, innovative work by many surgeons ultimately led to Cameron Haight's successful primary repair in 1941. Pioneering of surgical techniques in the last several decades has produced survival rates of almost 100% for infants with this once hopeless congenital anomaly.

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