What are the main categories of congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF)?

Updated: Nov 07, 2018
  • Author: Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Vinay Kumar Kapoor, MBBS, MS, FRCS, FAMS  more...
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Answer

The table below describes the 5 main categories of congenital TEFs.

Table. Classification of Congenital Tracheoesophageal Fistulas and Esophageal Atresia (Open Table in a new window)

Anatomic Characteristics

Percentage

of Cases

Esophageal atresia with distal TEF

87

Isolated esophageal atresia without TEF*

8

Isolated TEF

4

Esophageal atresia with proximal TEF

1

Esophageal atresia with proximal and distal TEF

1

*Classified as TEF although there is no fistula.


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