What is the role of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy?

Updated: Apr 04, 2019
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) versus any control intervention for people with hepatic encephalopathy, Gluud and colleagues conducted a systematic review involving 16 randomized clinical trials that included 827 participants with hepatic encephalopathy. Primary outcomes included mortality (all cause), hepatic encephalopathy (number of people without improved manifestations of hepatic encephalopathy), and adverse events. The control groups received placebo/no intervention, diets, lactulose, or neomycin. In 15 trials, all participants had cirrhosis. Analyses showed that BCAA had a beneficial effect on hepatic encephalopathy. The authors found no effect of BCAA on mortality, quality of life, or nutritional parameters, but they recommended additional trials to evaluate these outcomes. [41]


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