What is an argument against the ammonia hypothesis in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE)?

Updated: Apr 04, 2019
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Answer

One argument against the ammonia hypothesis is the observation that approximately 10% of patients with significant encephalopathy have normal serum ammonia levels. Furthermore, many patients with cirrhosis have elevated ammonia levels without evidence for encephalopathy. Also, ammonia does not induce the classic electroencephalographic (EEG) changes associated with hepatic encephalopathy when it is administered to patients with cirrhosis.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!