How is surveillance of esophageal varices performed in patients with cirrhosis?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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The author performs routine diagnostic endoscopy to determine whether the patient has asymptomatic esophageal varices. Follow-up endoscopy is performed in 2 years if varices are not present. If varices are present, treatment is initiated with a nonselective beta blocker (eg, propranolol, nadolol), aiming for a 25% reduction in heart rate. Such therapy offers effective primary prophylaxis against new onset of variceal bleeding. [68] Patients with large esophageal varices should undergo prophylactic endoscopic variceal ligation.

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