What are the risks of surgery and general anesthesia in patients with cirrhosis?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Surgery and general anesthesia carry increased risks in the patient with cirrhosis. Anesthesia reduces cardiac output, induces splanchnic vasodilation, and causes a 30-50% reduction in hepatic blood flow. This places the cirrhotic liver at additional risk for decompensation.

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