What are the hematologic manifestations of cirrhosis?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Anemia may result from folate deficiency, hemolysis, or hypersplenism. [45] Thrombocytopenia usually is secondary to hypersplenism and decreased levels of thrombopoietin. Coagulopathy results from decreased hepatic production of coagulation factors. If cholestasis is present, decreased micelle entry into the small intestine leads to decreased vitamin K absorption, with resulting reduction in hepatic production of factors II, VII, IX, and X. Patients with cirrhosis also may experience fibrinolysis and disseminated intravascular coagulation.

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