What is the role of large-volume paracentesis in the treatment of cirrhosis?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Large-volume paracentesis was first used in ancient times. It fell out of favor from the 1950s through the 1980s with the advent of diuretic therapy and following a handful of case reports describing paracentesis-induced azotemia. In 1987, Gines and colleagues demonstrated that large-volume paracentesis could be performed with minimal or no impact on renal function. [25] This and other studies showed that 5-15 L of ascites could be removed safely at one time.

Large-volume paracentesis is thought to be safe in patients with peripheral edema and in patients not currently treated with diuretics. Debate exists whether colloid infusions (eg, with 5-10g of albumin per 1L of ascites removed) are necessary to prevent intravascular volume depletion in patients who are receiving ongoing diuretic therapy or in patients with mild or moderate, underlying renal insufficiency.


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