What are peritoneal causes of ascites?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Peritoneal diseases produce ascites with a SAAG of less than 1.1 g/dL. (See Table 2, below.)

Table 2. Peritoneal Causes of Ascites [13] (Open Table in a new window)

Causes of Peritoneal Ascites

Examples

Malignant ascites

Primary peritoneal mesothelioma

Secondary peritoneal carcinomatosis

Granulomatous peritonitis

Tuberculous peritonitis

Fungal and parasitic infections (eg, Candida,

Histoplasma, Cryptococcus, Schistosoma mansoni, Strongyloides, Entamoeba histolytica)

Sarcoidosis

Foreign bodies (ie, talc, cotton, wood fibers, starch, and barium)

Vasculitis

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Henoch-Schönlein purpura

Miscellaneous disorders

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

Whipple disease

Endometriosis


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