What causes presinusoidal portal hypertension in cirrhosis?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

The classic form of presinusoidal portal hypertension is caused by the deposition of Schistosoma oocytes in presinusoidal portal venules, with the subsequent development of granulomata and portal fibrosis. Schistosomiasis is the most common noncirrhotic cause of variceal bleeding worldwide. Schistosoma mansoni infection is described in Puerto Rico, Central and South America, the Middle East, and Africa. S japonicum is described in the Far East. S hematobium, observed in the Middle East and Africa, can produce portal fibrosis but more commonly is associated with urinary tract deposition of eggs.


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