What are possible complications of cirrhosis?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF, FAASLD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Once cirrhosis develops, treatment is aimed at the management of complications as they arise. Examples include the following:

  • Hepatorenal syndrome - Kidney function usually recovers when patients with cirrhosis and hepatorenal syndrome undergo liver transplantation; patients with early hepatorenal syndrome may be salvaged by aggressive expansion of intravascular volume with albumin and fresh frozen plasma and by avoidance of diuretics

  • Hepatic encephalopathy - Pharmacologic treatment includes the administration of lactulose and antibiotics

  • Ascites - Treatment can include sodium restriction and the use of diuretics, large-volume paracentesis, and shunts (peritoneovenous, portosystemic, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic)

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