What are the clinical variants of Budd-Chiari syndrome?

Updated: Oct 10, 2018
  • Author: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

The clinical variants of Budd-Chiari syndrome have been described as follows [5, 6, 7] :

  • Acute and subacute forms: Characterized by rapid development of abdominal pain, ascites (which can cause abdominal distention), hepatomegaly, jaundice, and renal failure.

  • Chronic form: Most common presentation; patients present with progressive ascites; jaundice is absent; approximately 50% of patients also have renal impairment

  • Fulminant form: Uncommon presentation; fulminant or subfulminant hepatic failure is present, along with ascites, tender hepatomegaly, jaundice, and renal failure.

See Clinical Presentation for more detail.


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