What are the inclusion and exclusion criteria for percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty?

Updated: Jul 29, 2020
  • Author: Jeffrey P Kochan, MD; Chief Editor: Felix S Chew, MD, MBA, MEd  more...
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Inclusion criteria include the following: pain localized to a fracture or tumor, pain refractory to medical management, or a fracture less than 12 months old.

Exclusion criteria include the following: fracture extending to posterior vertebral cortex retropulsed fragment, cord compression, radiculopathy, fever and/or sepsis, or coagulopathy.

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