What are less common physical findings of Wilson disease?

Updated: Feb 14, 2019
  • Author: Richard K Gilroy, MBBS, FRACP; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Skeletal abnormalities in patients with Wilson disease widely vary and include osteoporosis, osteomalacia, rickets, spontaneous fractures, and polyarthritis.

Cardiac manifestations, such as rhythm abnormalities and increased autonomic tone, have been described in patients with Wilson disease. Autopsy findings have included hypertrophy, small vessel disease, and focal inflammation. [17]

Patients with Wilson disease exhibit signs of anemia, presumably due to oxidative injury of the cell membrane caused by excess copper. Skin pigmentation and a bluish discoloration at the base of the fingernails (azure lunulae) have been described in patients with Wilson disease.

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