What are musculoskeletal symptoms of Wilson disease?

Updated: Feb 14, 2019
  • Author: Richard K Gilroy, MBBS, FRACP; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Skeletal involvement is a common feature of Wilson disease, with more than half of patients exhibiting osteopenia on conventional radiologic examination.

The arthropathy of Wilson disease is a degenerative process that resembles premature osteoarthritis. Symptomatic joint disease, which occurs in 20%-50% of patients, usually arises late in the course of the disease, frequently after age 20 years. The arthropathy generally involves the spine and large appendicular joints, such as knees, wrists, and hips. Osteochondritis dissecans, chondromalacia patellae, and chondrocalcinosis have also been described.

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