What is Wilson disease?

Updated: Feb 14, 2019
  • Author: Richard K Gilroy, MBBS, FRACP; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Wilson disease is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder of copper metabolism that is characterized by excessive deposition of copper in the liver, brain, and other tissues (see the image below). Wilson disease is often fatal if not recognized and treated when symptomatic.

Wilson disease biopsy specimen with rhodanine stai Wilson disease biopsy specimen with rhodanine stain (stain specific for copper deposition).

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