What are the indications for surgery in patients with Parkinson disease (PD)?

Updated: Aug 29, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Hauser, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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For patients who have motor fluctuations and dyskinesias that cannot be adequately managed with medication manipulation, surgery is considered. The principal surgical option is deep brain stimulation (DBS), which has largely replaced neuroablative lesion surgeries. Levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel infusion is available in some countries and is in clinical trials in others, including the United States. [12]

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