What is the typical presentation of tremors due to Parkinson disease (PD)?

Updated: Jan 24, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Hauser, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Although tremor is the most common initial symptom in Parkinson disease, occurring in approximately 70% of patients, it does not have to be present to make the diagnosis. Tremor is most often described by patients as shakiness or nervousness and usually begins in one upper extremity and initially may be intermittent. Upper extremity tremor generally begins in the fingers or thumb, but it can also start in the forearm or wrist. After several months or years, the tremor may spread to the ipsilateral lower extremity or the contralateral upper extremity before becoming more generalized; however, asymmetry is usually maintained.

Tremor can vary considerably, emerging only with stress, anxiety, or fatigue. Classically, the tremor of Parkinson disease is a resting tremor (occurring with the limb in a resting position) and disappears with action or use of the limb, but this is not seen in all patients. Initially, the tremor may be noticed during activities such as eating or reading a newspaper. Although Parkinson disease is a rare cause of tremor affecting the head or neck, tremors of the chin, lip, or tongue are not uncommon. As with other tremors, the amplitude increases with stress and resolves during sleep.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!