What are the pediatric risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Updated: Jun 27, 2019
  • Author: Henry J Rohrs, III, MD; Chief Editor: Stuart Berger, MD  more...
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Pediatric conditions with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease include the following:

  • Lifestyle: Smoking (including exposure to secondary smoke), obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 95th percentile), physical inactivity

  • Metabolic disorders: Diabetes mellitus, low level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (ie, < 35 mg/dL)

  • Hypertension and other underlying conditions or situations: Renal disease (eg, renal failure, renal transplantation), liver disease (eg, biliary tract disease), endocrinopathies (eg, hypothyroidism, Cushing syndrome), use of drugs known to induce dyslipidemias (eg, cyclosporine, glucocorticoids, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] protease inhibitors)

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