What are the ideal characteristics of suture material?

Updated: Mar 05, 2020
  • Author: Desiree Ratner, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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The ideal suture material would have all of the following characteristics:

  • It is sterile

  • It is suitable for all purposes (ie, is composed of material that can be used in any surgical procedure)

  • It causes minimal tissue injury or tissue reaction (ie, is nonelectrolytic, noncapillary, nonallergenic, and noncarcinogenic)

  • It is easy to handle

  • It holds securely when knotted (ie, no fraying or cutting)

  • It has high tensile strength

  • It possesses a favorable absorption profile

  • It is resistant to infection

At present, unfortunately, no single material is available that can offer all of these characteristics. In different situations and in different areas of the body where tissue composition varies, different suture characteristics are required for adequate wound closure.

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