What are the stages of breast reconstruction?

Updated: Jul 29, 2021
  • Author: Mark F Deutsch, MD; Chief Editor: James Neal Long, MD, FACS  more...
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Breast reconstruction is rarely considered a 1-stage procedure. Although some surgeons prefer immediate flap and nipple reconstruction during the initial procedure, most separate this into 2 or more procedures. While the initial stage may provide no more than an amorphous mound of soft tissue on the patient's chest wall, refinements and finishing touches may transform this into a breast that can mimic the contralateral breast in contour, symmetry, and projection.

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