What are adverse effects of long-term SBP prophylaxis?

Updated: Jul 23, 2019
  • Author: Brian J Daley, MD, MBA, FACS, FCCP, CNSC; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Evidence suggests that the long-term prophylaxis of patients with cirrhosis with fluoroquinolones, often norfloxacin, has led to selective intestinal decontamination and high-level fluoroquinolone resistance. This has been supported by published data that show a higher predominance of gram-positive pathogens in ascitic fluid cultures than previously reported. [33]


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