Which groups at high risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) benefit from outpatient prophylaxis?

Updated: Jul 23, 2019
  • Author: Brian J Daley, MD, MBA, FACS, FCCP, CNSC; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Outpatient prophylaxis, although not routinely recommended, has been shown to prevent SBP in the following high-risk groups:

  • Patients with ascites admitted with acute GI bleeding

  • Patients with ascitic fluid protein levels of less than 1 g/dL

  • Patients with a prior episode of SBP

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