When should percutaneous drainage be considered for primary treatment of peritonitis and abdominal sepsis?

Updated: Jul 23, 2019
  • Author: Brian J Daley, MD, MBA, FACS, FCCP, CNSC; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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In summary, percutaneous and surgical drainage should not be considered competitive but rather complementary. If an abscess is accessible to percutaneous drainage and the underlying visceral organ pathology does not clearly require an operative approach, percutaneous drainage can be used safely and effectively as the primary treatment modality. In these cases, patients must be closely monitored, and improvement should occur in less than 24-48 hours. With lack of improvement, patients must be reevaluated aggressively (eg, repeat CT scan) and the therapeutic strategy should be altered accordingly.

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