Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

Updated: Oct 17, 2017
  • Author: William A Rowe, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Corticosteroids

Corticosteroid agents are the treatments of choice for an acute inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) attack; administer intravenously in severe disease. Administer increased or stress doses to patients already on steroids. Do not use steroids for maintaining IBD remission, because of their lack of efficacy and potential complications, including avascular bone necrosis, osteoporosis, cataracts, emotional lability, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cushingoid features, acne, and facial hair. Cortenema, Cortifoam, and Anusol-HC suppositories are useful in treating distal disease (proctitis and proctosigmoiditis).

Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef, Cortef, A-Hydrocort )

Adrenocortical steroids act as potent inhibitors of inflammation. They may cause profound and varied metabolic effects, particularly in relation to salt, water, and glucose tolerance, in addition to their modification of the immune response of the body. Alternative adrenocortical steroids may be used in equivalent dosage.

Prednisone (Rayos)

Prednisone acts as a potent inhibitor of inflammation. It may cause profound and varied metabolic effects, particularly in relation to salt, water, and glucose tolerance, in addition to their modification of the immune response of the body. Alternative corticosteroids may be used in equivalent dosage.

Methylprednisolone (Medrol, Solu-Medrol, Depo-Medrol, A-Methapred)

Adrenocortical steroids act as potent inhibitors of inflammation and may cause profound and varied metabolic effects, particularly in relation to salt, water, and glucose tolerance, in addition to modification of the immune response. Alternative adrenocortical steroids may be used in equivalent dosage. Methylprednisolone has a greater salt- and water-retention side effect.

Prednisolone (Orapred, Pediapred, Millipred, Veripred 20, Flo-Pred)

Corticosteroids act as potent inhibitors of inflammation. They may cause profound and varied metabolic effects, particularly in relation to salt, water, and glucose tolerance, in addition to modification of the immune response. Alternative corticosteroids may be used in equivalent dosage.

Budesonide (Entocort EC)

Budesonide alters the level of inflammation in tissues by inhibiting multiple types of inflammatory cells and decreasing the production of cytokines and other mediators involved in inflammatory reactions. Only 10% is bioavailable because of first-pass metabolism.

Dexamethasone (Baycadron, DoubleDex)

Dexamethasone has many pharmacologic benefits, but there are also significant adverse effects. It stabilizes cell and lysosomal membranes, increases surfactant synthesis, increases serum vitamin A concentrations, and inhibits prostaglandin and proinflammatory cytokines.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!