What is the major complication of the ileal pouch/anal anastomosis (IPAA) in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

Updated: Oct 17, 2017
  • Author: William A Rowe, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

The major complication of this procedure is postoperative development of acute or chronic pouchitis. Very rarely, particularly in those with a preoperative diagnosis of indeterminate colitis, Crohn disease of the pouch may develop. IPAA offers an excellent option for younger patients with ulcerative colitis and those with concerns with body image. However, IPAA is also associated with a substantial rate of infertility (due to pelvic dissection).


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