What are the treatment options for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

Updated: Apr 10, 2020
  • Author: William A Rowe, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

The care of a patient with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be either medical or surgical in nature or, in many patients, a combination of both. The management algorithm is also dependent on whether the diagnosis is Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis. The medical approach for patients with IBD is both symptomatic care (ie, relief of symptoms) and mucosal healing. Mild disease can follow a stepwise approach to medication, with escalation of the medical regimen until a response is achieved. More moderate to severe disease, however, warrants more aggressive initial treatment for the prevention of intestinal complications.


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