What is the role of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

Updated: Oct 17, 2017
  • Author: William A Rowe, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is used for the evaluation of upper gastrointestinal tract symptoms, particularly in patients with Crohn disease. Aphthous ulceration occurs in the stomach and duodenum in 5%-10% of patients with Crohn disease. The diagnosis of Crohn disease may be made after gastric or duodenal ulcers fail to heal with acid suppression alone but is usually accompanied by ileal or ileocolonic Crohn disease.

Guidelines on the use of endoscopy in the diagnosis and management of IBD are available from the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. [69]


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