What are the extraintestinal complications of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Swiss patients?

Updated: Oct 17, 2017
  • Author: William A Rowe, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

The Swiss National IBD Cohort Study also demonstrated the risks of extraintestinal complications of IBD; their results are summarized in Table 2, below. [55] The risk factors of having complications included family history and active disease observed for Crohn disease only; no significant risk factors were noted in patients with ulcerative colitis. [55]

Table 2. Extraintestinal Complications of IBD in Swiss Patients [55] (Open Table in a new window)

Complication

Crohn Disease

Ulcerative Colitis

Arthritis

33%

4%

Aphthous stomatitis

10%

4%

Uveitis

6%

3%

Erythema nodosum

6%

3%

Ankylosing spondylitis

6%

2%

Psoriasis

2%

1%

Pyoderma gangrenosum

2%

2%

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

1%

4%

Source:  Vavricka SR, Brun L, Ballabeni P, et al. Frequency and risk factors for extraintestinal manifestations in the Swiss inflammatory bowel disease cohort. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106:110-9.


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