What are the extraintestinal complications of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

Updated: Apr 10, 2020
  • Author: William A Rowe, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Extraintestinal complications occur in approximately 20%-25% of patients with IBD. [1] In some cases, they may be more symptomatic than the bowel disease itself. These include osteoporosis (usually a consequence of prolonged corticosteroid use), hypercoagulability resulting in venous thromboembolism, anemia, gallstones, primary sclerosing cholangitis, aphthous ulcers, arthritis, iritis (uveitis) and episcleritis, and skin complications (pyoderma gangrenosum, erythema nodosum).

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