Which medications are used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

Updated: Apr 10, 2020
  • Author: William A Rowe, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

The following medications may be used in patients with IBD:

  • 5-Aminosalicylic acid derivatives (eg, sulfasalazine, mesalamine, balsalazide, olsalazine)

  • Antibiotics (eg, metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, rifaximin)

  • Corticosteroid agents (eg, hydrocortisone, prednisone, methylprednisolone, prednisolone, budesonide, dexamethasone)

  • Immunosuppressant agents (eg, azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate, cyclosporine, tofacitinib)

  • Biologic agents, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors (eg, infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab pegol); anti-integrin antibodies (eg, natalizumab); inhibitors of IL-12 and IL-23 (eg, ustekinumab)

  • H2-receptor antagonists (eg, cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine, nizatidine)

  • Proton pump inhibitors (eg, omeprazole, lansoprazole, esomeprazole magnesium, rabeprazole sodium, pantoprazole)

  • Antidiarrheal agents (eg, diphenoxylate and atropine, loperamide, cholestyramine)

  • Anticholinergic antispasmodic agents (eg, dicyclomine, hyoscyamine)


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