How is hydatid disease (echinococcosis) prevented?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Imad S Dandan, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Because human infection with Echinococcus results from fecal-oral contamination, prevention requires the following steps:

  • Education on proper hygiene

  • Proper cleansing of uncooked food and avoidance when possible

  • Dietary regulation of pet dogs (stop the habit of feeding viscera of intermediate hosts, such as sheep, to pet dogs)

  • Regulate pet dog activity to prevent ingestion of sheep material

  • Avoidance of unregulated dogs

  • Treatment of pet dogs in endemic areas for intestinal echinococcosis with praziquantel (5 mg/kg) periodically

  • Control of the dog population

  • Regulation of livestock butchering

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