What is the global prevalence of hydatid disease (echinococcosis)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Imad S Dandan, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Echinococcosis is also unusual in northern Europe. The endemic areas are the Mediterranean countries, the Middle East, the southern part of South America, Iceland, Australia, New Zealand, and southern parts of Africa; the latter five regions are intensive endemic areas. Central Asia, particularly China, is also an endemic area. [4, 5, 6]

The incidence of cystic echinococcosis (CE) in endemic areas ranges from 1-220 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, while the incidence of AE ranges from 0.03-1.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, making it a much more rare form of echinococcosis. An epidemiologic study of CE in Romania emphasized the need for improved preventive measures. [7] Infestation with E vogeli is the most rare form of echinococcosis and is reported mainly in the southern parts of South America.


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