What are the risk factors for developing hepatorenal syndrome (HRS)?

Updated: Oct 16, 2017
  • Author: Deepika Devuni, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Risk factors for developing hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) have been reported based on a large series of patients with cirrhosis and ascites and, for the most part, are related to circulatory and renal function. Three important and easily recognized risk factors are low mean arterial blood pressure (<80 mm Hg), dilutional hyponatremia, and severe urinary sodium retention (urine sodium <5 mEq/L). Interestingly, patients with advanced liver disease, defined by a high Child-Pugh score or worsening parameters of liver function, such as albumin, bilirubin, and prothrombin levels, are not at a higher risk of developing HRS.


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