What is the global prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection?

Updated: Oct 07, 2019
  • Author: Vinod K Dhawan, MD, FACP, FRCPC, FIDSA; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Worldwide, more than 170 million persons have hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, [27] of whom 71 million have chronic infection. [1] The Eastern Mediterranean region and Europe have the highest prevalence (2.3% and 1.5%, respectively), with other regions having an estimated prevalence of 0.5%-1.0%. [1] Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia, has a reported HCV prevalence of 0.38%. [28]

The prevalence rates in healthy blood donors are 0.01%-0.02% in the United Kingdom and northern Europe, 1%-1.5% in southern Europe, and 6.5% in parts of equatorial Africa. [29] Prevalence rates as high as 22% are reported in Egypt and are attributed to the use of parenteral antischistosomal therapy. [2]


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