Which lab tests detect hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection?

Updated: Oct 07, 2019
  • Author: Vinod K Dhawan, MD, FACP, FRCPC, FIDSA; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Tests for detecting HCV infection include the following:

  • Hepatitis C antibody testing: Enzyme immunoassays (EIAs), rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), and point-of-care tests (POCTs)

  • Qualitative and quantitative assays for HCV RNA (based on polymerase chain reaction [PCR] or transmission-mediated amplification [TMA])

  • HCV genotyping

  • Serologic testing (essential mixed cryoglobulinemia is a common finding)

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