What are the signs and symptoms of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) in patients with hepatitis B (HBV) (Hep B)?

Updated: Jun 08, 2021
  • Author: Nikolaos T Pyrsopoulos, MD, PhD, MBA, FACP, AGAF; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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The clinical manifestations of PAN include the following:

  • Cardiovascular (eg, hypertension [sometimes severe], pericarditis, heart failure)

  • Renal (eg, hematuria, proteinuria, renal insufficiency)

  • Gastrointestinal (GI) (eg, abdominal pain, mesenteric vasculitis)

  • Musculoskeletal (eg, arthralgias, arthritis)

  • Neurologic (eg, mononeuritis)

  • Dermatologic (eg, rashes)

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