Can hepatitis B (HBV) (Hep B) cause arteritis?

Updated: Jun 08, 2021
  • Author: Nikolaos T Pyrsopoulos, MD, PhD, MBA, FACP, AGAF; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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An association between hepatitis B and arteritis has been described when HBsAg is present in serum and in vascular lesions. Evidence for a cause-and-effect relationship is further supported by a high prevalence (36-69%) of HBsAg in patients with polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). This very serious complication presents early during the course of hepatitis B, and the incidence is high among certain populations, such as Alaskan Eskimos.

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